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Melbourne is Victoria’s capital city and the business, administrative, cultural and recreational hub of the state.

The entire Melbourne metropolitan area covers 9990.5 km2 and has a population of around 4.5 million.

The City of Melbourne municipality covers 37.7 km2 and has a residential population of 128,963 (as of 2015). It is made up of the city centre and a number of inner suburbs, each with its own distinctive character and with different businesses, dwellings and communities living and working there.

On an average day around 854​,000 people use the city, and each year Melbourne hosts over a million international visitors.

The people of Melbourne

The City of Melbourne’s population is made up of many groups of people of all ages and from many different cultures. Residents include young professionals, international students and older couples looking to enjoy everything the city has to offer.

Melbourne and government

The City of Melbourne as a council (Melbourne City Council) oversees the municipal area that includes Melbourne’s city centre and several inner suburbs. As a capital-city council, it also speaks on behalf of Melbourne in local, national and international forums.

The City of Melbourne works with other local councils and the Victorian Government to ensure that Melbourne is one of the safest, healthiest and cleanest cities in the world. It supports Melbourne’s position as Australia’s pre-eminent centre for arts and culture, education, dining and shopping.

The City of Melbourne’s seven neighbouring councils are Hobsons Bay, Port Phillip, Stonnington, Yarra, Moreland, Moonee Valley and Maribyrnong.

Location and climate

The City of Melbourne municipality is located at latitude 37 degrees 49 minutes south and longitude 144 degrees 58 minutes east on the south-east edge of Australia.

Focused around a central business district, metropolitan Melbourne’s suburbs spread more than 40 km to the south, are hemmed in by the Dandenong ranges 30 km to the east, extend up to 20 km to the north and sprawl across vast, flat basalt plains to the west.

Melbourne residents enjoy a temperate climate influenced by its location at the apex of one of the world’s largest bays, Port Phillip Bay.


The official language is English, but more than 100 languages are spoken by the city’s residents.


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